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Allergies & Asthma

Emilio Gutierrez MD

Family Medicine located in Austin, TX

Allergies and asthma can leave you feeling like you can’t catch a breath. If you want help controlling your symptoms, reach out to Emilio Gutierrez, MD, at his practice in Austin, Texas. Dr. Gutierrez offers allergy and asthma testing, and action plans and medications for your symptoms. You don’t have to live a half-life. Reclaim your world by scheduling an appointment for allergy or asthma treatment with Dr. Gutierrez today.

Allergies and Asthma Q & A

What are allergies?

Allergies are chronic responses from your immune system against various substances. They develop when your body incorrectly identifies a benign foreign substance, like pollen or tree nuts, as a threat. 

When your body senses an allergen, it attacks it with histamines and antibodies called immunoglobulin E (IgE). Histamine causes those classic allergy symptoms, like sneezing, hives, and swelling. 

Other common signs of an allergic reaction include:

  • Brain fog
  • Coughing 
  • Headaches 
  • Itchy eyes 
  • Itchy nose
  • Sneezing
  • Runny nose
  • Postnasal drip
  • Nasal congestion
  • Watery eyes 
  • Sinus headaches
  • Sinusitis 
  • Sleeplessness 

Allergies can also cause asthma and asthma attacks.

What is asthma?

Asthma is a chronic condition that, when induced, causes your airways to become inflamed. Asthma can be caused by allergies, or it can be non-allergy related. 

Common types of allergic asthma include:

  • Occupational asthma
  • Cold-induced asthma
  • Exercise-induced asthma

Occupational asthma is asthma caused by allergens found in the workplace, like:

  • Fumes
  • Dust
  • Smoke
  • Chemicals 

What are the symptoms of asthma?

Signs you may have asthma include:

  • Wheezing 
  • Chronic coughing
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sleep disturbed by coughing and wheezing

Children with pediatric asthma only show their asthma through coughing.

How can I control my allergies? 

To control allergies, you can take a number of steps. First, you can reduce the effects of seasonal, environmental, and year-round (perennial) allergies by taking over-the-counter medications like:

  • Antihistamines 
  • Steroid nasal sprays
  • Sinus rinses
  • Decongestants 

All of these solutions, by reducing your allergies, help reduce allergy-induced asthma.

For food allergies, consider allergy shots or allergy immunotherapy. These offer a more permanent solution to allergies.

How do you control asthma?

To control asthma, you need an asthma action plan that you and Dr. Gutierrez write together, detailing your asthma triggers and what steps to take in the event of an asthma attack. 

These steps include a guide to checking your breathing with a peak flow meter, what medications you should take for which symptoms, and signs it’s time to seek emergency care.

Medications that Dr. Gutierrez may prescribe you for asthma control include:

  • Inhalers
  • Nebulizers
  • Oral corticosteroids
  • Biological medication

Also, you can avoid asthma attacks by doing your best to avoid triggers, to keep your lungs healthy by not smoking, and by checking in with Dr. Gutierrez for preventive care.

If allergies or asthma is isolating you, seek out Dr. Gutierrez today. With his help, you can get back to the activities you love. To connect, book your appointment via the online booking tool or over the phone.